CHALLENGES

Delivering the future from African skies

Drone innovators will compete in a series of real-world scenarios, including pickup and delivery of a medical parcel utilizing electric vertical take-off and landing platforms, environmental sustainability, and safely abiding by the rules and regulations prescribed by the Tanzanian Civil Aviation and Military authorities.

The Lake Victoria Challenge is designed to showcase and test business models, processes and mature e-VTOL UAV technologies with high potential of near-term adoption for routine use in the Lake Victoria Region.

Three different use cases will be tested between Juma Island and a temporary droneport in Mwanza City: Emergency Delivery, Sample Pick-Ups and Find and Assess.

Each competition will have a prize incentive – in the form of a demonstration contract or service related to local customers. Further details to be announced.

Emergency Delivery

Deliver a 1540g emergency package from the droneport in Mwanza to Juma Island at a distance of 20 km in the shortest amount of time possible; then come back and safely land at the origin. No battery swap is allowed at the drop-off location.

Sample Collection

Pick up as many 250g modules as possible from Juma Island and return them to Mwanza in a 2-hour window. Several packages may be carried at one time. The winner is the team to have transported most samples within the allotted time slot.

Find and Assess

In the shortest amount of time to successfully identify the GPS locations of preplaced markers on Juma Island, while operating out of the Mwanza Droneport. The predetermined survey area comprises three square kilometers. The recommended minimum resolution to successfully complete the task is 20cm. Teams need to take off and return in Mwanza after completion of the survey and for each battery change.

A full description of each challenge's evaluation criteria and scoring elements is listed below

Emergency Delivery

The Aim

Deliver a 1540g emergency package from the droneport in Mwanza to Juma Island at a distance of 20 km in the shortest amount of time possible; then come back and safely land at the origin. No battery swap is allowed at the drop-off location.

Evaluation Criteria

Flights are disqualified if they fail to meet any of the checklist items:

  • Items were successfully delivered at the Mwanza droneport by landing and taking off in a 10×20 meter designated area in both locations

  • UAV took-off within the designated area of 10x20m

  • No airspace violations took place

  • The cargo item arrived in full integrity

  • Standard Operating Procedures were followed

  • The cargo drop-off required minimal intervention at the destination location

  • No battery recharge was necessary

  • The aircraft returned successfully to the origin in a timely manner after dispatching the cargo landing in a designated 10x20m space in Mwanza

  • Contingency procedures, such as rerouting were successfully implemented

  • No physical items on the ground outside of the designated landing areas were hit

  • A C2/3 telemetry link was maintained at all times

Scored Elements

  • Total flight time per delivery flight. Time will be taken from the “go” signal and hand over of the cargo until the cargo is in the hands of the designated receiving person on Juma Island

  • Ease of use

Note: For this challenge the aircraft can either drop the cargo from a height less than 2 meters or land, drop the cargo and take off again with minimal human intervention for the offloading. The return flight may be rerouted to an alternative designated landing location in Mwanza.

Sample Collection

The Aim

Pick up as many 250g modules as possible from Juma Island and return them to Mwanza in a 2-hour window. Several packages may be carried at one time. The winner is the team to have transported most samples within the allotted time slot.

Evaluation Criteria

Flights are disqualified if they fail to meet any of the checklist items:

  • Items were successfully picked-up and delivered at the Mwanza droneport by landing and taking off in a 10×20 meter designated area in both locations;

  • No airspace violations took place

  • The cargo items were delivered in full integrity

  • Standard Operating Procedures were followed

  • The cargo pick-up required minimal intervention at the destination location;

  • High effectiveness and precision of autonomous takeoff and landing

  • UAV took-off and landed in the designated area of 10x20m

  • Contingency procedures, such as rerouting were successfully implemented

  • No physical items on the ground outside of the designated landing areas were hit

  • A C2/3 telemetry link was maintained at all times

Scored Elements

  • Total number of 250g packages picked-up and delivered before the end of the 2-hour time period

  • Ease of use

Find and Assess

The Aim

In the shortest amount of time to successfully identify the GPS locations of pre-placed markers on Juma Island, while operating out of the Mwanza Droneport. The predetermined survey area comprises three square kilometers. The recommended minimum resolution to successfully complete the task is 20cm. Teams need to take off and return in Mwanza after completion of the survey and for each battery change.

Evaluation Criteria

Flights are disqualified if they fail to meet any of the checklist items:

  • No airspace violations took place

  • Standard Operating Procedures submitted by the teams ahead of the flights were followed

  • Takeoff and landing occurred successfully within the designated area of 10x20m

  • No airspace violations took place

  • UAV landed in effectiveness and precision of autonomous take-off and landing (hand launch with an automatic takeoff sequence is also considered to be an autonomous take-off)

  • C2/3 Telemetry link was maintained at all times

Scored Elements

  • Time taken to identify accurately (within a radius of 10 meters) at least 80% of the marker’s GPS coordinates

REQUIREMENTS

The following information guides teams in qualifying for the Lake Victoria Challenge

Common Requirements & Performance Capabilities

Eligibility Business Model Any civilian team operating remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) that are heavier than air
Design COTS (commercial-off-the-shelf) Solution is market-ready and could be purchased by other teams presently or in the near future
Manual and autonomous flying modes Teams must furnish pilots that have demonstrated adequate piloting skills and documentation
MTOW (maxim takeoff weight) 25kg
BVLOS (beyond visual line of sight) Team has proven BVLOS experience with its system
Operational Environment AMSL (Above mean sea level) Ability to fly between 1’100 and 1’400m (300m AGL max)
Temperature range & humidity Min 10°C, Max 45°C & 80%
Navigation, Communication & Surveillance Redundant Command and Communication (C2) Link Teams must provide redundant systems e.g. GSM/LTE and Satcom
Onboard Surveillance System E.G. Transponder Mode S, ADS-B, FLARM will be provided and mandatory
Vertical navigation accuracy ± 10m
Lateral navigation accuracy ± 10m
Timing accuracy overhead each mandatory waypoint ± 30 seconds
Aircraft can maintain predefined holding points/patterns With same accuracy as above
Industry best practice cyber security Malware protection, secured C2 links, encryped data
Onboard (selective and temporary) geofencing Autopilot can be configured so that aircraft cannot fly outside (or into) predefined areas
Documentation Flight Termination System (e.g. forced landing, RtH, parachute, airbag) Can be activated remotely by a third party
Ground Control Station (i.e. operator’s screen) Can be viewed by scrutineers, judges and safety officer
SORA (Specific Operations Risk Assessment) Teams to submit along with their registration
Incident Reports Teams are to submit to a written incident report in case of accidents or mishaps
Operational Manual Teams to submit along with their registration

By Fly Competition (2019 Edition)

Sample Collection Find and Assess Emergency Delivery
Propulsion System Electric* Hybrid allowed Electric*
Minimum Payload 0.5kg Camera/ video 1kg
Minimum Demonstrated Range 25km 70km 50km
Landing at Juma Droneport Mandatory Not allowed Allowed
Automated takeoff/ landing Mandatory Not applicable Mandatory
Automated pick-up/ delivery/ identification Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points)
Battery Swap at Juma Droneport Allowed Not allowed Not allowed
Flotation System (in case of water landing) Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points)
Onboard Sense & Avoid System (e.g. fishermen) Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points)
Link to LVC UTM Services (registration, ID, tracking, geo-awareness) Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points)
Dynamic Geofencing (temporary random no-fly zones) Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points) Optional (extra points)
Weather (wind/ gust/ rain) 30/55km/h, heavy rain 55/90km/h, heavy rain 30/55km/h, heavy rain
*energy storage = battery or hydrogen
**combination of electric and internal combustion
Note: Optional features will become mandatory in future editions

Droneports (2019 Edition)

Malaika Beach Juma Island Bwiru (alternate)
Runway takeoff Not allowed Not allowed Not allowed
Hand launch Allowed Not allowed Allowed
VTOL (vertical takeoff and landing) Allowed Allowed
Area for flight mode transition (i.e for hybrid aircraft) Defined Defined Defined
Belly landing (define surface and obstacles) Could be allowed* Defined Could be allowed*
Launch catapult (define location and direction) Could be allowed* Not allowed Could be allowed*
Aircraft recovery system (e.g. cable, net parachute+ airbag) Could be allowed* Not allowed Could be allowed*
Cargo airdrop (e.g. by parachute, onto a mattress) Not allowed Could be allowed* Not allowed
Surface-to-air cargo pick-up Not allowed Could be allowed* Not allowed
* Team to submit a proposal

PRIZES

Big prizes for big thinkers

Each competition will have a prize incentive – in the form of a demonstration contract or service related to local customers. Further details to be announced.

Winners will be invited to join the LVC reception at the end of the program, on June 21st, 2019, where they will also receive their prizes.

JUDGES

Judges to be announced shortly. Stay tuned…